CGT and Government Decisions

The Chancellor announced that the current £12,300 annual tax-free CGT exemption (or allowance) will be reduced to just £6,000 in 2023/24 and only £3,000 in 2024/25.

This change will mean that those disposing of investments such as shares, second homes and buy-to-let properties will pay more tax.

If you are planning any capital disposals, please contact us to discuss the best strategy for timing of sale.


The VAT registration threshold continues to be frozen at £85,000, instead of increasing each year in line with inflation. This will remain the case until March 2026.


For those provided with an electronic or ultra-low emission company car (emitting less than 75g of CO2 per kilometre), there will be annual increases in the benefit-in-kind percentages, and therefore the taxes paid by both employees and employers, from the 2025/26 tax year.

For all other company car users, there will be a 1 percentage point increase (up to a maximum of 37%) in the calculation of the benefit-in-kind in 2025/26 before being fixed for the following two tax years.

The fixed multipliers used to calculate benefits-in-kind on employer provided vans, van fuel (for private journeys in company vans) and car fuel (for private journeys in company cars) will increase in line with the Consumer Price Index (CPI) from 6 April 2023.

The government has also announced that they will introduce Vehicle Excise Duty on electric cars, vans and motorcycles from April 2025.


The Chancellor has again expressed concerns about the alleged abuse of Research & Development (R&D) tax reliefs.

Alongside plans to merge two existing schemes in future, he announced that, from 1 April 2023:

  • The Research and Development Expenditure Credit (RDEC) available to non-SME companies would be increased from 13% to 20%.
  • For SME companies, the additional R&D tax relief deduction will be reduced from 130% to 86%.
  • For loss-making SME companies, the payable credit will be reduced from 14.5% to 10%.


One of the few changes announced on 23 September that has not been reversed concerns Stamp Duty Land Tax (SDLT) in England and Northern Ireland. The starting threshold was increased from £125,000 to £250,000 (and, for First Time Buyers, from £300,000 to £425,000) from 23 September 2022.

However, it has now been announced that these are to be temporary changes and, from 1 April 2025, the thresholds will return to their original rates.


As previously announced and as we head into 2023;

  • The £1million Annual Investment Allowance – giving 100% tax relief to businesses investing in qualifying plant and machinery – is now permanent.
  • The Government is increasing the generosity and availability of certain Venture Capital Schemes, including the Seed Enterprise Investment Scheme for start-up companies.

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